An Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) is a formal agreement between you and your creditors where you will come to an arrangement with people you owe money to, to make reduced payments towards the total amount of your debt in order to pay off a percentage of what you owe then generally after 5 years your debt is classed as settled.
Due to its formal nature, an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA) has to be set up by a licensed professional
- Creditors who vote against your proposal are still bound by it.
- Creditors whose lending is unsecured can't take any further action.
- Interest is usually frozen as long as you kee pup your payments.
- Your insolvency practitioner will help you prepare your proposal, including agreeing the level of your household and personal spending based on guidelines acceptable to creditors.
- Many insolvency practitioners will allow you to pay their fees for preparing your proposal monthly, as part of the IVA.
- You make only a single payment each month or quarter. Your insolvency practitioner is responsible for administering and distributing your payments.
- The terms of an IVA will usually enable you or your spouse or partner or a relative to make arrangements to buy your share of the net worth of your home or to make extra payments, rather than the home having to be sold. This may be done through a remortgage or a loan. (Net worth means its value after any debts secured on it have been paid.)
- On completion of the IVA, the balance of what you owe your creditors is written off.
- You may be able to continue running any business you have.
Your IVA is entered on a public register.
- The insolvency practitioner may require payment in advance for preparing your proposal and getting your creditors' agreement.
- If there is some equity (value) in your home after taking account of the mortgage(s) on it, you will probably have to pay for your share, usually in the fifth year of your IVA, by remortgaging the property. If you can't get a remortgage, you may have to continue making monthly or quarterly payments from your income, for up to another year.
- If your circumstances change, and your practitioner can't get creditors to accept amended terms, the IVA is likely to fail. You will then still owe your creditors the full amount of what you owed them at the start, less whatever has been paid to them under your IVA.
- If your IVA fails, you may be made bankrupt.